Tonight's Concert Notes:

Also Sprach Zarathustra
Translated as Thus Spoke Zarathustra  ("Zoroaster," founder of Zoroastrianism), this piece is a tone poem composed by Richard Strauss in 1896.  It was inspired by Friedrich Nietzsche's philosophical book of the same name. The opening fanfare, which the band is performing tonight, has become very well-known to a large degree due to its appearing in the 1968 film 2001: A Space Odyssey.



Superman March
Jerry Goldsmith was initially hired to compose the film score and his music was used in the movie's initial teaser trailer.  Due to scheduling conflicts he dropped out and John Williams replaced him.  William's fanfare to the Superman Theme, which introduces the film in the opening credits, has become known around the world and is one of Williams most famous themes.  Except for the third film in the franchise, this theme opens all the other Superman movies, even though Williams was the composer only for the first film.

Music From Apollo 13
James Horner's score was critically acclaimed and was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Original Score.  It includes a solo from Scottish singer/song writer Annie, Lennox, who won a Grammy and an Oscar, and performed at the London Olympics Closing Ceremony of 2012. The other soloist is Tim Morrison, who also recorded solos for the following films: 
Born on the 4th of July, JFK, Panther, Nixon, Amistad, Saving Private Ryan, Bobby and Lions to Lambs.


Avatar Soundtrack Highlights
This was James Horner's third time scoring a film for director for James Cameron, following Aliens and Titanic. During the production of the film, Horner told Cameron that he would be completely dedicated to the project and reported worked daily from 4:00 am to 10:00 pm. During an interview, he said "Avatar has been the most difficult film I have worked on and the biggest job I have undertaken."  Part of the scoring task included hiring a chorus to sing in the alien language Na'vi.

Excerpts from Close Encounters of the Third Kind
The score was composed, conducted and produced by John Williams.  This is second film by Williams in which a few notes have become highly recognizable in popular culture.  The first was the two-note theme to represent the shark in 
Jaws.  This one is a five-note theme, and is used by scientists in the filmd to communicate with the visiting spaceship as a mathematical language.  In 1978, Williams was nominated for two Academy Awards, one for this movie and the other for  Star Wars He won the Oscar for Star Wars, and later won two Grammy Awards in 1979 for his Close Encounters score.



Symphonic Suite from Star Trek Into Darkness
Gene Roddenberry originally asked Jerry Goldsmith to compose the theme for the TV series, but Goldsmith was committed elsewhere at the time.  Later Goldsmith composed the music for Star Trek: The Motion Picture.  Goldsmith recommended Alexander Courage,  Courage had little regard for the science fiction genre and referred to it as "marvelous malarkey" and referred to his own composition for Star Trek as "marvelous malarkey music."  He composed the theme in one week.

The Planets--Uranus, the Magician
This seven-movement suite was composed by Holst as astrological, rather than astronomical, which is why Earth is not included as one of the movements. All other recognized planets at the time had a movement composed for them. The suite conveys ideas and emotions about how these planets influence the human psyche.  The two most significant influencers for this piece are Clifford Bax, who introduced astrology to Holst, and Alan Leo, who wrote the book What is a Horoscope? Holst use the subtitles of that book for each movement in this piece.

Suite from Star Wars Epic, Part 1 
The music of Star Wars was written by John Williams and performed by the London Symphony Orchestra for all six feature films, from 1977 to 2005. Lucasfilm announced in 2013, that Williams would be composing the score ti Star Wars Episode VII: The Force Awakens.  Music from Star Wars launched a revival of the technique called leitmotif, which is a p
hrase or melodic cell that signifies a character, place, plot element, mood, idea, relationship or other specific part of the film. This technique was made particularly famous by Richar Wagner's operas in the 1800s.

Independence Day Highlights
David Arnold has several scores from motion pictures and TV shows that are very well known, including a number of James Bond movies,
Stargate, and Sherlock.  For the Independence Day film score, Arnold won a Grammy Award for Best Instrumental Composition Written for a Motion Picture or for Television.







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